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Edwards v. Thomas

Court: Arkansas Supreme Court

Citation: 2021 Ark. 140

Opinion Date: June 17, 2021

Judge: Wynne

Areas of Law: Constitutional Law, Personal Injury

The Supreme Court answered a certified question in the negative and held that Ark. Code Ann. 27-34-106(a) does not violate the separation of powers doctrine under article 4, section 2, and Amendment 80, section 3 of the Arkansas Constitution.

The underlying wrongful death and survival action arose from an accident in which Defendants negligently caused a vehicle collision. A two-year-old girl, who was in the cab of a pickup at the time of the accident and was not restrained in a child safety seat, was killed. Defendants asserted fault on the part of the driver of the pickup truck. Plaintiff then filed a motion for partial summary judgment with respect to a comparative fault and nonparty fault related to child-safety restraint nonuse, arguing that the defense was precluded as a matter of law by section 27-34-106(a). The Supreme Court answered a certified question about the issue, holding that section 27-34-106(a) – a legislative pronouncement that failing to use a child safety seat is not a negligent act and therefore cannot be used to compare the injured plaintiff’s fault to the fault of the defendant – is more substantive than procedure and does not constitute a violation of the separation of powers doctrine.

This case law update is brought to you by Freeway Law, personal injury, and auto car accident lawyers. The following is not one of our cases, but it is of some significance, and we thought we should share it with our readers for informational purposes. The information above is for informational purposes only and not to be construed as legal advice.

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